As Earth/we make our/Her everyday sacred journey around Sun, in the Southern Hemisphere the young light ‘born’ at Winter Solstice is waxing and in the Northern Hemisphere the young dark ‘born’ at Summer Solstice is waxing. We as Earth cross the midpoint (the “cross-quarter”) between Solstice and Equinox on August 7th at 12:36 UTC. All planetary times for this Moment may be found at archaeoastronomy.com.
Old European traditions often name these Moments as Imbolc and Lammas/Lughnasad respectively, though those names are varied in different cultural regions, and may be named also as Early Spring and Late Summer perhaps. Many around the globe will celebrate Imbolc/Lammas on the traditional date of 1st/2nd of August, and some on the actual astronomical Moment, and some at a time when the season feels right, and some when it can be fitted into tick-tock time. There are other cultural variations of celebrating this transition of our Planet’s orbit around Mother Sun; and much variation in the Poetry we humans create with it, conversing and aligning ourselves with Her Creativity.
In the oldest Earth-based traditions of Europe, Imbolc/Early Spring (which may be felt as Late Winter depending on your region), may be a time of dedication to the new life emerging anywhere, including in the self: to watch for it, and attend to it. Sometimes in a culture of self-abnegation or suppression of difference, this can be a challenge; so it is even more significant to step up and celebrate the unique small self, the particular gift that each self is, as well as celebrating new life in flora and fauna. This Season of Imbolc/Early Spring lends itself to ceremonial commitment to bringing forth and nurturing what may be new and tender, or untried: a time for celebrating diversity. It is traditionally celebrated as a special feast of Great Goddess Brigid of the Celtic peoples, who tends the flame of being: She has traditionally been recognized as the Flame of Being itself, way beyond anthropomorphic representations of Her – and there are few of those.
Imbolc/Early Spring is a particular time to celebrate the new Young One, the Promise of Life. It is often understood as a very maternal kind of celebration … and indeed that is the nature of re-generative mind, no matter what variety of gender/sex you may identify with. To take on Maternal mind, a re-generative/Maternally connected mind is what the Planet seriously needs more of from all beings: that is, a mind that is attentive to the quality of care. Any being may learn this, to pay that kind of nurturant attention: and it is useful practice to call upon the deeper ancient powers to guide and strengthen. The nurturance of life and real care is for the brave and courageous.
Whereas, Lammas/Late Summer (which may be felt as Early Autumn depending on your region) has been a time of harvest, when the Summer party is over, Sun’s light has peaked in this region of our Planet, and it is time for the reaping. One may understand this as metaphor for these times for much of the industrialised world in particular. In the oldest traditions it is the Old One as Crone who is welcomed, with Her gift of returning to larger deeper self within all. Her face changes now from the tending of fullness of being to dismantling and consuming, as all things must pass. She becomes the reaper.
In more recent times as Goddess became displaced, this Season became known as “Lughnasad”, the “wake”/funeral of the grain God Lugh: and traditionally straw figures of the god are burnt in ceremonies. Lammas (meaning the feast of the bread) may be an earlier name for this Seasonal Moment, though some are of the opinion that it is a Christian name: I disagree[i] … the Primordial Mother Goddess IS the grain (corn, wheat, rice) in many global indigenous cultures; and Lammas may be celebrated with the understanding that we are each and all the grain, the food, consumed – certainly after the peaking of being, if not before, and actually everyday. The Dark is an awesome aspect of Cosmic Creativity, in which all participate. The Dark is at the base of all existence, and is the matrix and origin of being. The Dark then is a native place – Home … named and understood perhaps as Larger Self. The seasonal Moment of Lammas lends itself to ceremonial expression of dedication to this larger self, to ceremonial expression of love for this deeper self to whom all returns, the organic desire for transcendence/deepening of small self which may be understood as an expansion, a re-joining with the Cauldron of Creativity in which we are immersed[ii].
The Dark may be experienced as a merciful place. Lammas may be the time for asking, personally and collectively: “What would I/we make sacred in my/this life? What is sacred to being/me? The understanding of, and confront with the passing of things may bring with it the blessing of “what is essential?” This Season of the harvest of life, the “Sacred Consuming” as I name it, may be a time to recognize that we are all consumed – even in every moment: so who are we feeding? and are we happy with the answer? This may be offered to the sacred Dark from whom we emerge, for transformation – for a wise path beyond your knowing, trusting the deep wisdom of the Universe, in whom we are immersed: and in trust that this actually the way to true abundance and joy.
For some Lammas Ceremonial Poetry: PaGaian Lammas 2010 on YouTube
At my place in Australia, I will celebrate Imbolc with a small community, very close to the Moment, and I invite others in this way:
This is the Season of the waxing Light …
You are invited to celebrate
the feast of the Young One
– who is the Urge To Be within All.
The New One born at the Winter Solstice
This is the time of celebrating the small self –
each one’s Gaian uniqueness and beauty.
We meet to share the light of inspiration,
to be midwifed,
by She who tends the Flame of Being,
deeply committed to Self, and Who is True.
PaGaian Cosmology blogs for Imbolc. And an essay Winter-Spring EarthGaian Wisdom: Invoking the Power of Brigid, the Mother Creator
PaGaian Cosmology blogs for Lammas. And from Brian Swimme: The Sacred Cosmological Dynamic of Loss – I have learnt much about this Seasonal Moment by understanding more of the Universe story, which is the story of Who we are, and embraces transformation.
Imbolc and Lammas meditations are on the PaGaian Cosmology Meditations CDs and are also available individually in digital form at that link (scroll down).
Some Imbolc story and Lammas story may be found in Appendix F of PaGaian Cosmology, or if you have a paper version of the book there is an Index for references throughout. These Seasonal Moments in relationship to the whole Wheel of the Year may be found in Chapter 5. Ceremonial scripts are offered in Chapter 7; the on-line versions are usually a bit different from the paper versions, as they evolve and change. and depending on your current context.
Blissed Imbolc/Lammas transition to you.
[i] re the name “Lughnasad”: There has been conversation amongst Goddess scholars about the name for this Seasonal Moment after Summer Solstice. It is commonly named amongst Pagans as “Lughnasad” after the Celtic Sun/Grain God Lugh, but as Lawrence Durdin-Robertson suggests in his book “The Year of the Goddess” (Aquarian Press 1990, p.143 quoting Adam McLean “The Four Fire Festivals” 1979, p. 21), originally the Deity of the harvest was the Goddess named Tailtu (reportedly Lugh’s “foster-mother”) so the name Tailtunasad has been suggested by Cheryl Straffon editor of Goddess Alive! Many (including myself) have preferred the name of Lammas, but some think it is a Christian term: however some sources say that Lammas means “feast of the bread” which is how I have understood it … and surely such a feast pre-dates Christianity. The evolution of all these things is complex, and we may evolve them further with our careful thoughts and experience.
[ii] For more on this understanding of Lammas see PaGaian Cosmology: Re-inventing Earth-based Goddess Religion, wherein Lammas may be celebrated with appropriate dedications made to this awesome aspect of Cosmic Creativity, in which all participate.